Within the historical Greco-Roman international, it was once universal perform to curse or bind an enemy or rival through writing an incantation on a capsule and dedicating it to a god or spirit. those curses or binding spells, regularly referred to as defixiones have been meant to carry other folks below the ability and regulate of these who commissioned them. greater than 1000 such texts, written among the fifth Century B.C.E. and the fifth Century C.E., were chanced on from North Africa to England, and from Syria to Spain. Extending into each element of historic life--athletic and theatrical competitions, judicial lawsuits, amorous affairs, company rivalries, and the restoration of stolen property--they make clear a brand new size of classical examine formerly inaccessible. right here, for the 1st time, those texts were translated into English with a considerable translator's creation revealing the cultural, social, and historic context for the texts. This e-book will curiosity historians, classicists, students of faith, and people serious about old magic.
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