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By Leonard King

This can be a finished examine a number of the mythology and non secular practices in Mesopotamia and historic Egypt. From the preface: "In those lectures an try is made, no longer rather a lot to restate universal proof, as to deal with them to new and supplementary proof which has been released in the US because the outbreak of the warfare. yet even with no the excuse of modern discovery, no apology will be wanted for any comparability or distinction of Hebrew culture with the mythological and mythical ideals of Babylon and Egypt. Hebrew achievements within the sphere of faith and ethics are just thrown into more suitable reduction whilst studied opposed to their modern heritage. the majority of our new fabric is offered via a few early texts, written in the direction of the shut of the 3rd millennium B.C. They contain traditions which expand in unbroken define from their very own interval into the distant a while of the earlier, and declare to track the historical past of guy again to his production. They signify the early nationwide traditions of the Sumerian humans, who preceded the Semites because the ruling race in Babylonia; and by the way they necessitate a revision of present perspectives in regards to the cradle of Babylonian civilization. the main outstanding of the hot records is one that relates in poetical narrative an account of the construction, of Antediluvian heritage, and of the Deluge. It hence shows a detailed resemblance in constitution to the corresponding Hebrew traditions, a resemblance that's not shared by means of the Semitic-Babylonian types at the present identified. yet in subject the Sumerian culture is extra primitive than any of the Semitic models. besides the fact that the textual content appears to be like to have reached us in a paranormal environment, and to some degree in epitomized shape, this early rfile permits us to faucet the flow of culture at some degree some distance above any at which method has hitherto been attainable. even though the resemblance of early Sumerian culture to that of the Hebrews is remarkable, it furnishes a nonetheless nearer parallel to the summaries preserved from the heritage of Berossus. the massive figures included within the latter's chronological scheme aren't any longer to be handled as a manufactured from Neo-Babylonian hypothesis; they reappear of their unique atmosphere in one other of those early records, the Sumerian Dynastic record. The resources of Berossus had necessarily been semitized by means of Babylon; yet of his 3 Antediluvian towns locate their position one of the 5 of primitive Sumerian trust, and of his ten Antediluvian kings rejoin their Sumerian prototypes. furthermore, the recorded a while of Sumerian and Hebrew patriarchs are unusually alike. it can be further that during Egypt a brand new fragment of the Palermo Stele has enabled us to ensure, by way of a truly related comparability, the accuracy of Manetho's assets for his prehistoric interval, whereas while it demonstrates the best way attainable inaccuracies in his method, deduced from self sufficient proof, could have arisen in distant antiquity. it truly is transparent that either Hebrew and Hellenistic traditions have been modelled on very early lines."

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