By Andrew S. Tanenbaum
Structured desktop Organization, particularly written for undergraduate scholars, is a best-selling advisor that gives an available creation to machine and structure. this article is going to additionally function an invaluable source for all computing device pros and engineers who want an summary or creation to laptop structure.
This publication takes a contemporary established, layered method of figuring out computers. it is hugely available - and it has been completely up-to-date to mirror cutting-edge most important new applied sciences and the newest advancements in laptop association and structure. Tanenbaum’s well known writing kind and painstaking learn make this probably the most available and exact books on hand, holding the author’s renowned approach to proposing a working laptop or computer as a chain of layers, every one equipped upon those less than it, and comprehensible as a separate entity.
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Extra info for Structured Computer Organization (6th Edition)
Four. 1 advent to the x86 structure 39 1. four. 2 creation to the ARM structure forty five 1. four. three creation to the AVR structure forty seven 1. five METRIC devices forty nine 1. 6 define OF THIS ebook 50 computers 2. 1 PROCESSORS fifty five 2. 1. 1 CPU association fifty six 2. 1. 2 guide Execution fifty eight 2. 1. three RISC as opposed to CISC sixty two 2. 1. four layout rules for contemporary desktops sixty three 2. 1. five Instruction-Level Parallelism sixty five 2. 1. 6 Processor-Level Parallelism sixty nine 2. 2 basic reminiscence seventy three 2. 2. 1 Bits seventy four 2. 2. 2 reminiscence Addresses seventy four 2. 2. three Byte Ordering seventy six 2. 2. four Error-Correcting Codes seventy eight 2. 2. five Cache reminiscence eighty two 2. 2. 6 reminiscence Packaging and kinds eighty five 2. three SECONDARY reminiscence 86 2. three. 1 reminiscence Hierarchies 86 2. three. 2 Magnetic Disks 87 2. three. three IDE Disks ninety one 2. three. four SCSI Disks ninety two 2. three. five RAID ninety four 2. three. 6 Solid-State Disks ninety seven 2. three. 7 CD-ROMs ninety nine 2. three. eight CD-Recordables 103 2. three. nine CD-Rewritables a hundred and five 2. three. 10 DVD 106 2. three. eleven Blu-ray 108 CONTENTS three 2. four INPUT/OUTPUT 108 2. four. 1 Buses 108 2. four. 2 Terminals 113 2. four. three Mice 118 2. four. four video game Controllers a hundred and twenty 2. four. five Printers 122 2. four. 6 Telecommunications gear 127 2. four. 7 electronic Cameras one hundred thirty five 2. four. eight personality Codes 137 2. five precis 142 THE electronic good judgment point three. 1 GATES AND BOOLEAN ALGEBRA 147 three. 1. 1 Gates 148 three. 1. 2 Boolean Algebra one hundred fifty three. 1. three Implementation of Boolean features 152 three. 1. four Circuit Equivalence 153 three. 2 simple electronic good judgment CIRCUITS 158 three. 2. 1 built-in Circuits 158 three. 2. 2 Combinational Circuits 159 three. 2. three mathematics Circuits 163 three. 2. four Clocks 168 three. three reminiscence 169 three. three. 1 Latches 169 three. three. 2 Flip-Flops 172 three. three. three Registers 174 three. three. four reminiscence association 174 three. three. five reminiscence Chips 178 three. three. 6 RAMs and ROMs a hundred and eighty three. four CPU CHIPS AND BUSES 185 three. four. 1 CPU Chips 185 three. four. 2 laptop Buses 187 three. four. three Bus Width one hundred ninety three. four. four Bus Clocking 191 three. four. five Bus Arbitration 196 three. four. 6 Bus Operations 198 ix x four CONTENTS three. five instance CPU CHIPS 201 three. five. 1 The Intel middle i7 201 three. five. 2 The Texas tools OMAP4430 System-on-a-Chip 208 three. five. three The Atmel ATmega168 Microcontroller 212 three. 6 instance BUSES 214 three. 6. 1 The PCI Bus 215 three. 6. 2 PCI show 223 three. 6. three The common Serial Bus 228 three. 7 INTERFACING 232 three. 7. 1 I/O Interfaces 232 three. 7. 2 deal with deciphering 233 three. eight precis 235 THE MICROARCHITECTURE point four. 1 AN instance MICROARCHITECTURE 243 four. 1. 1 the knowledge course 244 four. 1. 2 Microinstructions 251 four. 1. three Microinstruction keep an eye on: The Mic-1 253 four. 2 AN instance ISA: IJVM 258 four. 2. 1 Stacks 258 four. 2. 2 The IJVM reminiscence version 260 four. 2. three The IJVM guideline Set 262 four. 2. four Compiling Java to IJVM 265 four. three AN instance IMPLEMENTATION 267 four. three. 1 Microinstructions and Notation 267 four. three. 2 Implementation of IJVM utilizing the Mic-1 271 four. four layout OF THE MICROARCHITECTURE point 283 four. four. 1 pace as opposed to expense 283 four. four. 2 decreasing the Execution course size 285 four. four. three A layout with Prefetching: The Mic-2 291 four. four. four A Pipelined layout: The Mic-3 293 four. four. five A Seven-Stage Pipeline: The Mic-4 three hundred CONTENTS five xi four. five enhancing functionality 303 four. five. 1 Cache reminiscence 304 four. five. 2 department Prediction 310 four. five. three Out-of-Order Execution and sign in Renaming 315 four. five. four Speculative Execution 320 four.