This in-depth research of U.S. involvement within the sleek heart East conscientiously weighs the interaction of family, cultural, non secular, diplomatic, overseas, and armed forces occasions in a single of the world's so much afflicted regions.
• 1000's of alphabetically equipped entries on wars, political occasions, non secular and cultural matters, and diplomatic tasks, in addition to in-depth essays on history fabric, zone and local analyses, and biographical entries
• An creation via common Anthony Zinni, USMC (Ret), former commander in leader of U.S. important Command
• A chronologically prepared ultimate quantity created from fundamental and modern files with person introductions
• an in depth chronology of events
• Cross-references and books for extra interpreting appended to every entry
• A bibliography of over 450 books which are the newest within the field
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Extra resources for The Encyclopedia of Middle East Wars [5 volumes]: The United States in the Persian Gulf, Afghanistan, and Iraq Conflicts
S. division of protection) robust carry power has confirmed quite priceless within the skinny air and excessive altitudes of Afghanistan. The U. S. Air strength wrestle seek and Rescue (CSAR) and its different detailed Operations detachments were utilizing especially transformed Sikorsky HH-53 Pave Low helicopters—equipped with armor, refueling probes, and specific digital caution and countermeasures apparatus in addition to 7. 62-millimeter (mm) digital Gatling weapons and different armament—since 1970. U. S. Air strength shipping helicopter squadrons obtained the traditional CH-53C. The U. S. military converted Sea Stallions for minesweeping, giving it the designation RH-53 (later MH-53). The CH-46 Sea Knight has been the U. S. army and U. S. Marine Corps typical delivery helicopter on account that 1964. Early versions carried as much as 26 totally built troops or 4,000 kilos of shipment, yet later types may perhaps shipping an extra 1,000 kilos of shipment below a few stipulations. Armament is non-compulsory yet can contain M-60 7. 62-mm or Browning M-2 . 50-caliber desktop weapons. The U. S. military retired the final of its UH-46s in 2004, however the U. S. Marine Corps plans to continue its Sea Knights till they are often changed through Bell Helicopter’s MV-22 Osprey. The Bell/Textron UH-1 Iroquois “Huey” mild application helicopter was once America’s first fuel turbine–powered army helicopter. coming into construction in 1963, it used to be the U. S. Army’s fundamental troop shipping helicopter through the Vietnam battle yet have been supplanted in that function via the Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk via the mid1980s. Its skill was once restricted to 6 absolutely armed squaddies or approximately 2,000 kilos of shipment slung underneath it, however it may well hold an identical armament because the CH-46E. The U. S. military and U. S. Marine Corps endured to take advantage of UH-1s until eventually 1992. Its small radar cross-section and agility made it perfect for covertly supplying small unique Forces components close to their targets. Italy produced a licensebuilt model known as the Augusta-Bell 204 that's serving with the overseas safety information strength, led via the North Atlantic Treaty association (NATO), in Afghanistan. The U. S. Marines Corps’ ultimate Vietnam-era helicopter, the Bell AH-1 Cobra (models AH-1J and AH-1T via AH-1Z tremendous Cobras) assault helicopter, has been the spine of that service’s assault helicopter strength considering that 1969. The great Cobra variations shortly in provider have a best pace exceeding one hundred ninety knots, are built with a 3-barreled 20-mm cannon in a nostril turret, and will hold AIM-9 infrared-guided air-to-air missiles as well as its general load out of 8 AGM-65 Maverick and AGM-114 guided air-to-surface missiles. by the point Iraq invaded Kuwait in August 1990, the U. S. military had 5 helicopters in its stock: the Hughes OH-6 Cayuse and Bell OH-58 Kiowa reconnaissance and remark helicopters, the 48 Aircraft, Helicopters Boeing Ch-47 Chinook Heavy raise and UH-60 Black Hawk shipping helicopters, and the Hughes/McDonnell Douglas AH-64 Apache assault helicopter. of those the OH-6 was once the oldest, having entered provider in 1966.