By Rachel Waltner Goossen
In the course of international struggle II, greater than 12,000 male conscientious objectors looking choices to army carrier entered Civilian Public carrier to do forestry, soil conservation, or different 'work of nationwide importance.' yet this government-sponsored, church-supported application additionally attracted a few 2,000 women--most of whom have been a part of Mennonite, Amish, Brethren, or Quaker households with deeply held antiwar beliefs--to 151 substitute provider destinations around the nation. Rachel Waltner Goossen tells the tale of those ladies opposed to the 'good war,' girls who pointed out themselves as conscientious objectors. regardless of cultural hostility and discriminatory federal rules, they sought to illustrate their humanitarian convictions by way of enjoying Civilian Public provider paintings. according to little-known archival resources in addition to oral historical past interviews and questionnaire responses, Goossen's research finds the level to which those women's non secular and philosophical ideals put them at the margins of yank society. inspired through non secular traditions that prized nonconformity, those girls made strange offerings, puzzled govt dictums, and defied societal expectancies, all of which set them except the thousands of american citizens who supported the conflict effort.
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